Who was Pablo Picasso?

Man and woman sitting admiring Pablo Picasso art work at a gallery

Who was Pablo Picasso?

The iconic artist Pablo Picasso changed the art world thanks to his original, self-reflective paintings. He created a collection of superb art pieces, all while inventing new art movements along the way. You’ll have seen his artwork in famous museums and maybe even discussed his illustrations amongst your peers, but you can gain even more knowledge on particular pieces and what made him such an influential artist from this article.

So, who was Pablo Picasso and where was Picasso born? Read on to find out the answers to these questions, as well as other insights into this incredible artist.

When was Picasso born?

Picasso signature in black text against white background

Picasso was born in 1881 in the port city of Málaga, Spain, and his name, along with the amazing artwork he produced still sparks interest today. His unusual name consists of 23 words to honour various saints and family members; his full name is…

Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno Mar*a de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santsima Trinidad Ruiz y Picasso or Pablo Picasso Pietro cisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santísima Trinidad Ruiz y PicassoPablo Picasso.

Who influenced Picasso?

Picasso was always destined for great things, with a father who was a painter himself and had a huge influence on his life and career. Many people correctly assumed he would follow in his father’s footsteps because he took such interest in his father’s work. His first word was actually “pencil” (“lapiz” in Spanish), which was very apt for his later success!

Where did Pablo Picasso go to art school?

Picasso furthered his passion for art by attending the School of Fine Arts in Barcelona when he was 13 years old, where his father taught. He later studied at Madrid’s prestigious art academy, Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando (the Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando).

When did Picasso become famous?

Pablo Picasso became famous when he was just 19 years old. He exhibited his first piece of art in 1900, at a gallery on Paris’ rue Lafitte, which was an iconic street known for its respected art galleries. Although this seems a relatively young age, he had painted hundreds of art pieces before he rose to fame. Later, he was recognised by many for his talent and originality, as well as the new art styles and forms he created.

When did Picasso die?

Picasso died at the age of 91, on the 8th of April 1973. Only months before, he painted his final piece of artwork, ‘Self Portrait Facing Death’ (30th of June 1972). This portrait art piece wasn’t surprising to those following his work at the time because of how he viewed death. Picasso feared death and this painting portrays exactly that, particularly through the terrified look in his eyes.

What type of artist was Picasso?

Landscape, black and white Picasso print on wooden sideboard

Picasso was a Cubist artist, and he was one of the first in history. Between 1907 and 1914, Picasso and his friend and fellow painter Georges Braque invented the artistic style ‘Cubism’. Cubism is an art style focusing on abstract structure, a revolutionary approach to representing reality in art.

The two Cubists brought an end to centuries of tradition by rejecting and transforming the single viewpoint. Picasso demonstrated this when he painted different aspects of one subject as well as distorting the natural form of objects. Picasso created many notable works portraying this style, including ‘Girl with Mandolin’ (1910), and ‘The Weeping Woman’ (1937), alongside many others.

What kind of art was Picasso known for?

Picasso created both classical and original artwork, using paint, ceramics, and creating art and sculptures to highlight his inner thoughts. He often contributed to Modern Sculpture, Surrealism, and even pioneered collage, further demonstrating his influence on the art scene.

Picasso’s Blue Period

Picasso's Blue Period, Empty Easel image of Picasso's The Old Guitarist painting

Image source: Empty Easel, Pinterest.

Picasso is known for many things, and his Blue Period is one of them. This refers to the monochromatic paintings he produced between 1901 and 1904. During this period, he used different shades of blue and blue/green in every piece he created. This added a feeling of melancholy to Picasso’s work. His paintings were profound poetic expressions of vulnerability and depression, and portrayals of outcasts in society. He acknowledged these feelings and glimpses into humanity through art, bringing a lot of joy to those who reviewed his work.

Why did Picasso have a Blue Period?

Picasso began painting blue artwork while living in Barcelona and Paris, moving his materials with him. The art he created during this period was a reflection of his feelings, as the colour blue was symbolic of his emotional state at the time. Picasso was experiencing depression and was under financial strain, struggling to support his artistic career path.

The death of Carlos Casagemas (in February 1901) affected Picasso deeply and it was soon after Casagemas’ passing that Picasso began painting with blue. Although it was a dark time for him, this period became a significant point in his artistic career.

What paintings did Picasso paint during his Blue Period?

Shadow of the back of a man admiring Pablo Picasso art on blue wall

  • ‘The Death of Casagemas’ (1901): This piece, which marked the introduction of the Blue Period, can be found in Paris, at the Musée National Picasso.
  • ‘Femme au café (Absinthe Drinker)’ (1901): Discover this iconic painting at the Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg, Russia.
  • ‘Self Portrait in Blue Period’ (1901): This painting is currently held at the Musée National Picasso in Paris.
  • ‘The Old Guitarist’ (1903): This piece (pictured above) is displayed at the Art Institute of Chicago, and it’s believed that it would be worth 100,000,000 USD. However, it’s unlikely it will ever be sold, making it priceless!
  • ‘La Vie’ (1903): You can find this painting at the Cleveland Museum of Art in Cleveland, Ohio, United States.

Of course, there are many other examples of this artist’s work. If you visit the Museu Picasso in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain, you can explore 4,251 of his paintings. You can study his style in more detail here, thanks to the vast collection of his designs available.

What are Picasso's paintings worth?

Picasso fine line bum drawing on wall in brown wooden frame

Picasso’s artwork is priceless because it’s so unique, but it’s said that the cheapest Picasso painting would cost around $120,000! His most expensive painting could be worth up to a whopping $140 million, which proves just how desired his work is amongst art lovers. To appreciate his paintings without paying such prices, simply visit the museums featuring them!

Discover further information about various artists

Now you’ve found out more about Picasso and his influence on the art you’re so fond of, you can appreciate his work more than ever before. Visit our blog for further insights into other artists you know and love, alongside various art styles.